Perennial cereal grain crops grow and give yield for several years at the same place without requiring to be sowed each season. These are potentially novel crops with a range of environmental and economic benefits. Axfoundation is now collaborating with the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in their ground-breaking research at Torsåker Farm, to develop the world's first perennial barley crop – the bulbous barley. In an extensive plant breeding program, perennial relatives of barley are adapted with the aim of developing a crop that can thrive in a northern and central European climate.